More:

(when x2 coefficient is not 1)

Now we know what to do if a = 1, in ax2 + bx + c...

But what if it's not?  What if it's 2?  Or 3?  Or -1? (*fake screaming*)

It's just a process that's a little more complicated, and sometimes called factoring by grouping (but I wouldn't take my word for it - I've heard factoring by grouping can mean all factoring polynomials).

First, make sure that you really know what a, b, and c stand for.  Then read this:

2x2 + 12x + 16

 1.  Find product ac. 2 * 16 = 32 2.  Find two factors of ac that add up to b (call them y and z). 4 and 8 3.  Rewrite the expression so it is ax2 + yx + zx + c 2x2 + 4x + 8x + 16 4.  Put parentheses around the first two terms, and the last two. (2x2 + 4x) + (8x + 16) 5.  Factor the new polynomials (two terms inside the each of the sets of parentheses). 2x(x + 2) + 8(x + 2) 6.  Now, the polynomials in the parentheses should be the same.  Therefore, you can factor them out of the others. (2x + 8)(x + 2)

So, ready for another one?

3x2 - 8x + 5
ac = 15
-3*-5 = 15, -3 + -5 = -8
3x2 - 3x - 5x +5
(3x2 - 3x) + (-5x + 5)
3x(x - 1) + -5(x - 1)
**Note: You want to get the parentheses the same, so make sure your common factor does that.**
(3x - 5)(x - 1)

-x2 + 3x + 4
ac = -4
-1*4 = -4, -1 + 4 = 3
(-x2 - x) + (4x + 4)
-x(x + 1) + 4(x + 1)
(-x + 4)(x + 1)